Over time, the ruling classes of the British Empire started to emulate the practices of the Industrial Revolution. While the British Empire was a capitalist country, the British were not free of the evils of capitalism. The ruling class was also predominantly male, and the women were relegated to domestic classes. The Industrial Revolution started to destroy the female class. The women's role in the Industrial Revolution was to keep the machinery running, not simply to keep it clean. Women were the first to be imprisoned for manufacturing small-scale goods for their homes. The Industrial Revolution saw the invention of the sewing machine, and women gained access to this new form of labour – the sewing machine. The sewing machine allowed women to improve their physical and mental condition, and to better their lives.
The Industrial Revolution also saw the rise of the textile industry, and this was also where women gained the power to set their own hours. In the 18th century, the Industrial Revolution was not a simple economic development. Later, it was extended to the majority of society to include the people who worked in the production process. The rise of urbanization and the expansion of the population led to a marked increase in the number of leisure activities. The leisure activities were more often linked to leisure time than to work. The open spaces were used to ease the physical and psychological stress of the working day. The wide range of activities was also linked to the increasing importance of leisure time for society as a whole.
The increasing importance of leisure time has been closely linked to the rise of the population as a whole. The rise of leisure activities has been closely associated with the modernist movement, as well as to the growth of cities in Europe and the United States. The industrial era and the increasing importance of leisure time and leisure activities for society as a whole have been linked to the rise of the public sphere as a public space. In 1834, the Industrial Development Act was passed, providing that the working classes should be able to spend their leisure time in a manner that was equal to the time spent on manual labour. This lasted until the First World War. In the period between the First World War and the Second World War, leisure time was increasingly promoted as the key to economic success. The idea of leisure time was extended to include the leisure time of children.
The values of leisure time were seen to be in conflict with the values of work. In particular, leisure time was seen to not be an equal time for work, but rather in a competitive world, in which work was valued above leisure time. This was a key reason why leisure time was often seen as a time-wasting activity.
Increasing importance leisure
The leisure time we take for granted is often a time-consuming activity. We have to take breaks from the office, from our jobs, and from our families to do different activities. But in the second half of the 19th century, the needs of the working class and the need for more disposable income enabled the working class to become a majority of the population and to have more social demands.
This is because – unlike in the United States and the United Kingdom – the working class is not the only class that has a problem to solve. The other class in the United Kingdom that is also affected by the mechanical revolution is the lower class, the lumpenproletariat, that feels its economy is declining and that currently has little to no power or influence. The Industrial Revolution has significantly changed the nature of work and the way we do it.
In the US, for example, the working class was primarily an agricultural working class – farmers, shopkeepers, co-operators – that worked for wages, and in the UK, the working class was mostly a manufacturing working class – factory workers, the skilled tradespeople, and the skilled or semi-skilled tradespeople.