The current study shows that the environmental impacts of tourism can be reduced if the industry is more transparent about the impacts on the environment from the use of tourism-related materials, which include waste and fish waste. "By making tourism-related materials more transparent, we hope to help reduce the negative environmental consequences from tourism activities, such as greenhouse gas emissions from air travel, and litter at popular locations," said Dr. Renee Scholz, an assistant professor in the Department of Environmental Science & Policy at the University of Illinois. In the study, the researchers evaluated the environmental impacts of two major tourist-related industries: tourism in Canada, and tourism in the Southeast Asian nation of Laos. The two industries were compared with the environmental impacts of tourism in the United States. The researchers evaluated the environmental impacts of four types of tourism-related materials: wreckage, sewage, refuse, and fish waste. The study appears in the journal Nature Climate Change.
Scott Averill, a postdoctoral researcher in the UC Berkeley Department of Earth, Atmospheric and Planetary Sciences, co-authored the study with Benjamin Papadopoulos of the university of Alabama at Birmingham and Melissa Cole of the University of Maryland, College Park. The study is based on a cross-sectional analysis of over 400,000 people in Hong Kong and Shanghai to determine the effect of different tourism activities on carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) emissions. The study also found that the average tourist in Hong Kong emitted 0.27 metric tons of CO 2 per person per year, while the average tourist was second only to the average Chinese resident who emitted 0.38 metric tons per person per year. The new study also found that the average carbon dioxide emissions per person from tourism activities were highest in Hong Kong, and lowest in Shanghai, while the average emissions per person from garbage disposal activity were the highest in Guangdong and lowest in Hong Kong. The researchers also discovered that the average emiswaste from waste disposal in Hong Kong were the highest in China and lowest in Hong Kong. It is not clear that the government's policy is ready to address these issues, and moreover it is likely to be under pressure from its allies in the EU, who are looking to reduce the country's air pollution levels.
In addition, the government has been criticized for diverting funds intended for initiatives such as clean energy to create a new, low-cost airline. The third aspect of the economy that has been neglected is the protection of the environment. The government has been criticized for not protecting the environment, which is a key driver of economic growth. Cuba is in the midst of a global transition towards a more environmentally friendly economy. In the last decades, the country has taken steps towards a more sustainable business model, which is receiving increasing attention from international donors. The country's efforts to reduce emissions and improve air quality have received high praise from international donors.
The publication of the results of the scientific study in the journal Environmental Research Letters provides researchers with a valuable tool to address these issues and develop effective strategies to reduce negative environmental impacts in the future. "The publication of this study represents a significant step forward in the development of technologies that can reduce the negative environmental impacts from tourism and other activities, and will help to further shape the direction of conservation in the future," said Dr. Ignacio Escobar, Universidad de La Laguna, Barcelona, Spain. ### The study was funded by the National Geographic Society, the Spanish Government's Ministry for Tourism and Sports, the Spanish Association of Research and Development, the University of Granada and the University of Barcelona. The study is available online at: http://www. ngs. org/ rvp/ rs/ tv. pdf Scientific paper: J. Escobar, A. Escobar, G. G. B.