The idea of direct assistance to the poor goes back as far as the nineteenth century, when the British Institute for Oriental Research in London proposed direct assistance for "the needy, the destitute and the exploited." The idea was incorporated into the Universal Declaration of Human Rights in 1948, which was meant to create a more social contract between nations and the world community. However, many of the ideas behind the idea of direct assistance have been refined, and the phrase has never been widely used.
It has been used in the context of the development of democracy in Africa, but this has been in the context of very limited assistance. Al-Dhafari defines the phrase as "a material aid to the poor, provided by the rich to the poor." In other words, those who donate money to the poor. In a similar way, those who become wealthy will help the poor. The same goes for direct financial assistance to the poor.
Local governments across the world are responding to these issues by enabling the poor to set up shop in their communities, and by encouraging the development of associations that are designed to help them do so. But there is still a gap in the international picture in this area. The UNDP has proposed a global plan to transition to a low-income society based on the principle of 'full employment' in which all people who have no employment—which is defined as less than 7.5 hours per week—will have the right to the same basic income as everyone else without restriction. The World Bank wants a global plan that would provide all people with the right to work, but only in some settings, such as agriculture and the service sector. A number of countries have suggested other plans, such as a 'universal basic income' that would be available to all people on a sliding scale. For the public, and especially for the poor, it is often difficult to travel outside the country.
Income-related tax regime
The government has tried to encourage people to go abroad, but a recent report by the French agency SIPRI shows that of the 43 countries where the measure of 'international competitiveness' was based on average annual income, only 28 countries had a high standard of living and only five countries were 'elite'. The results of a survey of Singaporeans who had travelled abroad for the first time showed that they were not very keen on travelling abroad, regardless of whether they had a greater income than other Singaporeans, and that they were only moderately willing to pay for travel. In fact, even if foreigners were willing to pay for travel, they showed no interest in going abroad and would generally prefer to stay in Singapore.
The results of a survey of Chinese tourists who had travelled abroad showed that more than half of them were not interested in going overseas. The Government should take a more active role in promoting tourism. To do this effectively it will need to seek to solve the problem of inadequate support for small-scale tourism projects that will be more effective in achieving the Government's aims than more complex project with the potential of providing the poor with new sources of income. A more effective project could be one that is more targeted and is designed to be sustainable over time, for example by creating the capacity of local people to manage their own production and gain a stake in their own economic development. In addition, the Government should also seek to combine the possibility of greater tourism with the opportunity to encourage the use of locally produced products. The proposed policy framework is aimed at encouraging the Government to increase support for tourism by providing a wide range of tourist facilities, including tourist museums, places of worship, and the provision of free flights and other services, and to encourage people to visit Thailand. However, the issue also is a critical one for the Government of India.
Since the introduction of the income-related tax regime, there has been an increase in the number of people who are earning less than the statutory minimum income limit. Since the introduction of the income-related tax regime, there has been an increase in the number of people who are earning less than the statutory minimum income limit. A further increase in income-related tax rates of 10% is expected in the annual Budget.
The income-related tax scheme is part of the Economic Survey 2012-13 which was published on April 25, 2012, and is designed to bring benefits to the general public and the government, including for the under-privileged. The government also has plans to introduce a new income-related tax regime to address the problems of the under-privileged. The tax system is not only a key issue in the Indian economy, but also an issue for the emerging economies.