The term 'voluntourism' has recently been used in Europe and North America to refer to any travel where the traveller is directly involved in a humanitarian cause, as opposed to those who may be employed by or accompany the traveller on such a journey. In the United States, the term 'voluntary' has recently been used to refer to this type of travel, and 'voluntary' tourism is defined as a category of travel which involves a person taking a specific action solely for the purpose of aiding or relieving the material hardship of someone else. The term 'voluntary' tourism has been used in the United Kingdom to describe the tourism of volunteering to help those in need. Volunteer tourism is commonly associated with the homeless, but there has also been research in the UK into the use of volunteer tourism as a tool in addressing the needs of vulnerable groups. Within the context of the Global North and the Global South, "volunteer tourism" can be seen as a hybrid of the term "voluntourism" and the term "voluntary work", which encompasses all forms of labour that are voluntary and are conducted to benefit the community or individual. The term "volunteer" is used in the context of voluntourism because it focuses on the individual volunteer and not the charity or community that the volunteer is working for. Volunteer tourism is diverse and is often associated with working in the developing world.
It can be seen as a form of voluntary work that can help alleviate poverty. However, the term "volunteer" is used in the context of voluntourism because the volunteer is working for something other than himself or herself. It is a comparatively new phenomenon, however.
A study by the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) found that in 2003, only 26% of all tourists to the United States were registered as voluntary - a figure which, by contrast, is 66% for the United Kingdom (UNFPA, 2003). At the time, the term voluntourism was used to describe a range of activities that involve attending a charity event, volunteering at a school or a hospital, or attending a live music concert, all of which are not necessarily considered to be charitable activity. On the other hand, voluntourism is often associated with the lesser known concept of "volunteerism" and, therefore, is often confused with the more well-known concept of volunteering.
Volunteering is a positive, visible and tangible activity that can have numerous positive effects. For example, volunteering at a hospital may help reduce the amount of hospital beds being used by patients. In recent years, the term has been widely used to describe the humanitarian response to the Arab Spring. It has also come to refer to the movement of people who want to move from the West to the East and the rest of the world. In this article, we analyse the differences between voluntourism and volunteer tourism in order to understand why voluntourism may be a better option than volunteer tourism, and the potential for voluntourism to help alleviate those inequalities. Volunteer tourism vs. volunteerism Volunteer tourism is defined as the practice of going to the West to help people in need. Some of the most notable examples of volunteer tourism are Al Jazeera's "Feed the Children" and "The World's Largest Snow Globe" projects. Volunteer tourism can also be defined as the practice of going to the West to assist in humanitarian efforts.